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14th International Conference on Infectious Diseases, Prevention and Control, will be organized around the theme “Towards a world free from the threat of Infectious diseases ”

Infectious Diseases Conf 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Infectious Diseases Conf 2019

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Mechanism of resistance is because of the inactivation or change in the target site of the antibiotic that decreases its binding capacity, to avoid the antibiotic effect and the diminished intracellular anti-microbial gathering, decreasing permeability and/ or increasing active efflux of the antibiotic. A host can evolve two kinds of defence mechanisms to increase its wellness when tested with a pathogen- resistance and tolerance. It is essential to differentiate between these two defences mechanisms since they have diverse epidemiological and pathological impacts. Expanded comprehension of these defences could lead to more effective treatment methods and a better description of host-parasite interactions.

  • Track 1-1Multi drug resistance
  • Track 1-2Antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 1-3Antiviral drug resistance
  • Track 1-4Drug resistant tuberculosis
  • Track 1-5Antibiotic resistance Infectious
  • Track 1-6Drug resistant tuberculosis

Infectious diseases also known as contagious diseases are diseases caused by pathogenic organisms, such as viruses, microscopic organisms, bacteria or parasites. Numerous organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re mostly harmless or but in some cases are helpful, yet under specific conditions may cause the disease. Some infectious diseases can be spread from infected individual to a healthy individual. When exposed to an infected animal, humans that possess a pathogenic organism also becomes infected. The record of human suffering and death caused by smallpox, cholera, typhus, dysentery, malaria, etc. establishes the calibre of the infectious diseases. Microorganisms are tiny living things that are found everywhere - in air, soil and water. Microorganisms that cause disease are together called pathogens. Infectious diseases vaccines are the vaccines which prevent the infectious diseases like Haemophilus influenza, Diphtheria, hepatitis b, measles, meningitis, serotype b infection, tetanus, rubella, tuberculosis, yellow fever are preventable through immunizations. An infectious disease for which an effective preventive vaccine exists is called vaccine-preventable disease. If a person procures a vaccine-preventable disease and if he dies from it then the death is considered a vaccine-preventable death.

  • Track 2-1Pathology of infectious diseases
  • Track 2-2Co-infection
  • Track 2-3Allergic infectious diseases
  • Track 2-4Pipeline vaccines
  • Track 2-5Immunization
  • Track 2-6Global vaccine action plan

Drug interactions in infectious diseases are a major source of medical harm that can be prevented. It is notable that drug interactions represent a major risk to patients. Even a casual look at approved drug product labels for anti-infective drugs, such as azole antifungal drugs, direct-acting antivirals for HCV, HIV drugs and anti-mycobacterial agents unveil that drug interactions present a huge challenge for patients and their healthcare providers. Concerns regarding the interaction of drugs rise as the knowledge of pharmacology advances. The interactions may be due to non-CYP enzymes, CYP enzymes, and changes in gastric pH, the ever-growing list of drug transporters and more. Other considerations incorporate interactions due to herbal medications, food components and biological products.

  • Track 3-1Interactions Between Herbs and Anti-infective Medications
  • Track 3-2Drug-Food Interactions
  • Track 3-3Anti-mycobacterial agents

Foodborne infections, ordinarily called food poisoning/nourishment harming, and waterborne infections are conditions caused by eating or drinking food or water that is contaminated by microbes or the toxins produced by the organisms. They commonly cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea, nausea and abdominal pain. There are numerous non-infectious causes of illness from contaminated food and water and a few microbes results in infections other than in the digestive tract. Food and water-borne infectious diseases are considered to be the most common of all acute illnesses. It occurs worldwide, and the incidence varies from country to country. In recent years, detection of outbreaks of viral origin, particularly noroviruses, has been increasing worldwide. Two or more related cases of suspected food or water-borne illness must be reported within 24 hours of diagnosis (presumed or confirmed).

  • Track 4-1Emerging food-borne pathogens
  • Track 4-2Enterotoxins
  • Track 4-3Mycotoxins and alimentary mycotoxicoses
  • Track 4-4Ptomaine poisoning
  • Track 4-5Intoxications

Bloodstream infection (BSI) is possibly a life-threatening condition with a case mortality rate of 30-40%. Bloodstream infections/ blood poisoning occurs when a bacterial infection somewhere in the body such as in the lungs or skin which enters the circulation system. This is threatening because the bacteria and their toxins can be brought to the circulation system of the body to the entire body. BSI can be categorised as hospital-acquired (HA), or community-acquired (CA) depending on the site of receiving infection and hazard factors. Infectious diseases are caused by germs- bacteria, viruses, microscopic organisms or other pathogenic microorganisms. Germs that can infect the respiratory framework can ordinarily be spread through saliva and mucus (also known as "respiratory secretions") removed when a man talks, coughs, laughs or sneezes. A portion of these germs spreads through small droplets to stay suspended in the air and travel over long distances. Another person may fall ill when he inhales the aerosols containing infectious microbes or when the microbes contact their mucous membranes.

  • Track 5-1Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • Track 5-2Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
  • Track 5-3Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
  • Track 5-4Rubella (German measles)
  • Track 5-5Haemophilus influenzae type b
  • Track 5-6Coronavirus infections (including SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV)

Oral infections are one of the most common diseases in humans. The two most common oral infections are periodontal disease and caries ailment. Dental caries is the most well-known chronic disease of adolescence and is the greatly neglected among youngsters. Periodontal illness is the most widely recognized infectious disease of adults. At least 1/3 of the population is affected by chronic periodontitis, a bacterially instigated destruction of the attachment of the tooth to the bone. Non-disposable things like dental tools should be cleaned and disinfected between patients. Disposable dental instruments and needles are never reused on another patient. Contamination control precautionary measures conjointly required for all dental staff associated with quiet care to utilize defensive clothing, for example, gloves, covers, outfits and eyewear. FDI recommends that every oral professional should be familiar with post-presentation activity for the administration of occupational exposures to blood-borne pathogens, and proprietors of oral human services centres should organize arrangements inside the workplace to guarantee proper and sparing administration of such episodes.

  • Track 6-1Hepatitis in dentistry
  • Track 6-2Herpes viruses
  • Track 6-3Cross-transmission

Dermatology diseases include frequent skin rashes to acute skin infections, which is caused due to allergens, system disorders, infections, medication and heat. One of the most common skin disorders is dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is relating current (chronic) condition that causes inflamed skin and anxiousness. Patients with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), are at a high risk of developing a variety of skin diseases and problems because of their compromised immune system. HIV-related skin disorders may develop or appear from fungal, bacterial or viral skin conditions, skin allergies, skin cancer or malignancies or from harmful drug interactions. At absolute minimum the earth should be perfect and sterile with proper surfaces. Hand washing should be accessible. Sterile packs and window hangings should be used where required.

  • Track 7-1Parasitic Infestations
  • Track 7-2Cellulitis & Myositis
  • Track 7-3Lyme disease
  • Track 7-4Exercise-Related Skin infectious Diseases
  • Track 7-5Cutaneous, Subcutaneous Infections
  • Track 7-6Exposure to aquariums associated Skin infections

A large number of the parasites like the viruses, bacteria, and fungi that can invade the human body are also capable of attacking the interior or surface of the eye. The most common eye infection is conjunctivitis which is caused by an adenovirus (a type of common cold virus).  This infection of the conjunctivitis is sometimes referred to as Pinkeye and is most common in children. There are numerous causes of conjunctivitis and are usually classified as bacterial, viral or fungal.

  • Track 8-1Ocular infection
  • Track 8-2Dacryocystitis
  • Track 8-3Blepharitis
  • Track 8-4Endophthalmitis
  • Track 8-5Panophthalmitis

Nosocomial infection is also known as Hospital-acquired infection (HAI) is an infection that is acquired in a health care facility or in a hospital. Such an infection can be acquired in a nursing home, in hospital, outpatient clinic, rehabilitation facility or other clinical settings. Infection is spread to the vulnerable patient by various means in a clinical setting. Medical services staff can spread the disease in addition to the equipment that is contaminated, air droplets of the infectious person or bed linens. Measures of infection control incorporate distinguishing patients at risk of nosocomial infections, following standard precautions to decrease transmission and systems to reduce CR0BSI, VAP and environmental factors and engineering spread out additionally should be accentuated upon.

  • Track 9-1Hospital-acquired pneumonia
  • Track 9-2Ventilator-associated pneumonia
  • Track 9-3Urinary tract infection
  • Track 9-4Gastroenteritis
  • Track 9-5Puerperal fever

Emerging infectious disease (EID) are infections that appear for the first time in a population, or that may have appeared previously. Outbreaks are the occurrence of disease cases in the abundance of what would normally be expected for a community, season or a geographical area (WHO). Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF) also known as Ebola virus disease (EVD) is caused by four unique strains of Ebola virus; these viruses infect humans and nonhuman primates. Signs and symptoms of Ebola virus disease include a migraine, unexpected fever, joint agony, muscle hurts, sore throat, and weakness. Series of Ebola symptoms include rash, hiccups, stomach pain, internal and external bleeding in many patients, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Ebola infection spreads by contact with blood and discharges that stay on dress, needles and/or syringes or other medical supplies used to treat Ebola-infected patients, direct contact with blood and secretions. Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted basically by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day. Symptoms are generally gentle and include conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, fever, malaise or a headache. Zika virus infection during pregnancy can result in infant to be born with microcephaly and other congenital distortions, known as Zika syndrome. Zika virus infection is also associated with other complexities of pregnancy including miscarriage and preterm birth.

  • Track 10-1Hepatitis C
  • Track 10-2Nipah Virus
  • Track 10-3Mumps Virus
  • Track 10-4Australian bat lyssavirus
  • Track 10-5Plague

Paediatric infectious diseases also known as childhood infectious diseases are the infectious diseases which are caused in children of various age groups. Paediatric infectious diseases experts deal with the infections occurring in children and the treatment method fluctuates from children to adults. Common paediatric infections include Pneumonia- diagnosed in nearly 2% of infants < 1 year and in 4% of children aged 1 to 5 years. It is estimated that 90% of paediatric pneumonia are caused by viral agents. Other infections also include Otitis Media which is caused in children who live with the adults who smoke.

  • Track 11-1Streptococcal pharyngitis
  • Track 11-2Scarlet fever
  • Track 11-3Campylobacteriosis
  • Track 11-4Osteomyelitis
  • Track 11-5Shigellosis
  • Track 11-6chickenpox

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases that pass from the infected individual to the healthy individual through sexual contact. Sexually transmitted diseases are also known as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or Venereal Diseases (VD). In some cases, STDs can spread by using the unsterilized drug needles, from mother during the birth of the child and breastfeeding, and transfusion of blood. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates there are more than 1 million cases of STDs acquired globally each day. STI control is a general health outcome estimated by reduced incidence and commonness. The way to accomplish this include: (i) promoting and providing condoms and other means of prevention; (ii) an empowering domain; and (iii) dependable information.

  • Track 12-1HIV/AIDS
  • Track 12-2Syphilis
  • Track 12-3Human papillomavirus infection
  • Track 12-4Chlamydia
  • Track 12-5Genital herpes

Plants developing infectious diseases include organisms such as viruses, virus-like organisms, spiroplasms, oomycetes, fungi parasitic plants and nematodes. Common pathogenic infection methods are toxins, cell wall degrading enzymes, cell wall degrading enzymes. There are various cases of obliterating plant disease impacts such as chestnut blight and Irish potato starvation, as well as recurrent severe plant diseases like citrus canker, rice blast and soybean cyst nematode.

  • Track 13-1Fungal
  • Track 13-2Nematodes
  • Track 13-3Protozoan
  • Track 13-4Parasitic

Infectious diseases of livestock are globally a major threat to animal health and welfare and their proper control is important for agronomic health, for protecting and national and international food supplies and for mitigating rural poverty in developing countries. Animal diseases constitute an important threat to human health, since the rise of human diseases is dominated by zoonotic pathogens. Zoonotic contaminants that are transmissible either directly or indirectly between animals and humans are on the expansion or posture noteworthy threats to human health and the present pandemic status of new influenza A (H1N1) is a topical case of the test displayed by zoonotic infections. Veterinary scientists commonly combine with epidemiologists.

  • Track 14-1Diseases causing microbes in animals
  • Track 14-2Parasitic diseases in animals
  • Track 14-3Clostridial diseases
  • Track 14-4African swine fever
  • Track 14-5Rabies

Infection prevention remains a remarkable challenge in emergency care. Normally sick and injured patients looking for examination and treatment care in the emergency department (ED) not exclusively can possibly spread transmittable infectious diseases to healthcare personnel and infected patients, but they are helpless against securing new diseases with the care they get. The emergency department (ED) is a crucial part of the healthcare attention system and subject to advance difficulties, which may upset ED faculty adherence to guideline-based infection control practices. It will assess these dangers and analyse the existing literature for infection prevention and control practices in the Emergency Department, beginning with standard and transmission-based precautions, hand hygiene, healthcare personnel vaccination and natural controls to methods for preventing healthcare-associated infections.

 

  • Track 15-1Emergency room infections
  • Track 15-2Communicable diseases

Infection Prevention guidelines to educate patients, families, guests and carers about human services related infection, what activities medicinal services offices may have set up to ensure contaminations are counteracted however much as could reasonably be expected, and what they can do to restrain the spread of contaminations. Healthcare providers have a social duty to protect patients and prevent pointless damage. In life-threatening emergencies requiring immediate action, healthcare providers should measure the relative risk to patient life and decide the most proper disease control practice under those circumstances.

  • Track 16-1Disinfection and sterilization
  • Track 16-2Environmental infection control
  • Track 16-3Hand hygiene
  • Track 16-4Isolation precautions

Gene therapy confines considerable potential for the treatment of both infectious diseases and hereditary genetic disorders. Human gene therapy is defined as the presentation of new genetic material into the cells of a person with the purpose of generating a therapeutic advantage for the patient. Gene therapy is being researched as an alternative for a number of infectious diseases that does not agree to the standard clinical administration. Gene therapy for infectious diseases needs the introduction of genes outlined to particularly repress or block the gene expression or function of gene products, to such an extent that the replication of the infectious agent is blocked or constrained. In addition to this intracellular interference, gene therapy may be used to mediate in the spread of the infectious agent at the extracellular level. This could be accomplished by sustained expression in vivo of a discharged inhibitory protein or stimulation of a specific immune response.

  • Track 17-1Molecular therapy
  • Track 17-2Nucleic Acid-Based Genetic Therapy
  • Track 17-3Protein-Based Approaches to Gene Therapy
  • Track 17-4Immunotherapy
  • Track 17-5Target Pathogens for Antimicrobial Gene Therapy

Immunology is a branch of biology that covers the investigation of insusceptible systems in all life forms. Regardless of whether an infectious disease is an “old associate’’ or another developing risk, the immune system’s battle against it is generally the first line of defence it experiences The immune system has built up a number of ways to deal with controlling viral and bacterial disease which range from direct killing of pathogen to complex cytokines that hinder replication. Pathogens have countered by building up an assortment of immune evasion mechanisms that repress cytokine work and prevent resistant acknowledgement of tainted cells. With vaccines and effective medications the immune system’s attempt to destroy the infectious agents or infected cells are every now and again the main intends to battle.

  • Track 18-1Diagnostic Immunology
  • Track 18-2Immunology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Track 18-3Host immune response
  • Track 18-4Innate immune invasion
  • Track 18-5Clinical Immunology
  • Track 18-6Microbial Immunology
  • Track 18-7Cancer Immunology
  • Track 18-8Immunotherapy

A bacterial infection is a rapid growth of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. Harmful bacteria can cause a few illnesses like pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning. Bacterial infections are one of the main causes of foodborne illness. Common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, fatigue and abdominal pain. Most of the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by the harmful bacteria. Most of the times they are not related with any symptoms of the disease but still can cause significant damage to the reproductive system. Bacterial skin infections are generally caused by gram-positive strains of bacteria such as Streptococcus and Staphylococcus. Some of the bacterial infections include boils, impetigo, and folliculitis.

 

  • Track 19-1bacteria
  • Track 19-2sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Track 19-3gram-positive strains

Viruses are like hijackers. They attack typical living cells and use them to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This can slaughter, damage, or change the cells and make sick. Different viruses attack certain cells in the body such as liver, respiratory system, or blood. Viruses are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause common infectious diseases like common cold, flu and warts. Viruses also cause serious illnesses like HIV, Ebola and smallpox. Vaccines can help in preventing many viral diseases.

  • Track 20-1common cold
  • Track 20-2HIV
  • Track 20-3Vaccines

Fungal Infectious diseases are often caused by fungi that are familiar in the environment. Some types can be harmful to health but most types are not dangerous. Mild skin diseases caused by fungi can look like a rash and are very common. Fungal diseases in the lungs are alike other illnesses such as tuberculosis or flu. Fungal infections are very common in humans and are normally not very serious if they are treated quickly and correctly.

  • Track 21-1Actinomycosis
  • Track 21-2Dermatophytosis
  • Track 21-3Mycosis